MOF4AIR has been built on 11 Work Packages (WP). After identifying the best MOFs in WP1 and validating them through tests (e.g. stability and selectivity) in WP2, the most promising will be produced at a larger scale and shaped in WP3.
WP4 will conduct simulations to study MOFs behaviors in two adsorption processes: VPSA and MBTSA and optimize them. Both solutions will be tested at lab scale in WP5.
In WP6, 3 demonstration sites across Europe will prove the cost-efficiency and reliability of MOF-based carbon capture in CO2 intensive sectors: power supply, refineries and waste incineration.
To ensure a wide development of the solutions developed, WP7 will focus on legislative / regulatory issues, techno-economic and life cycle analysis, while WP8 on social acceptance and replicability.
WP9 will organize all communication, dissemination and exploitation activities and WP10 will ensure seamless progress of activities during the project through appropriate management.
Last, WP11 will focus on the ethics regarding the project activities.
WP1: Identification of the most adequate processes and MOFs, led by CNRS
WP1 aims at identifying (i) the most appropriate MOFs from the consortium portfolio and the literature, (ii) the most suitable processes/demos, (iii) the detailed specifications of the demonstration sites and (iv) the definition of performance criteria.
The outcomes of WP1 are (i) the selection of 24 potential MOFs for next steps, (ii) demonstration plant flowsheet and components process specifications and (iii) performance criteria of adsorption systems for different industrial applications.
WP2: Validation of the best MOFs, led by CNRS
WP2 focuses on the selection of best MOFs through stability tests under contaminants and co-adsorption and regeneration testing under operating conditions.
WP3: Validation of the shaped material in lab, led by UMONS
The objectives of WP3 are (i) to prepare at the scale of 300 – 500 g and shape at scale of 100 – 200 g the selected MOFs in WP2 for CO2 capture ; (ii) to verify the stability and the structural, and adsorption properties of the scale up and shaped materials and (iii) to determine adsorption equilibrium (pure and mixture) and kinetic properties of shaped materials.
The equilibrium and kinetic adsorption properties will be used to validate the results obtained in WP4 for the process modelling.
WP4: Modelling and techno-economic numerical optimisation, led by SINTEF
The aim of this work package is as follows:
1. To provide insight on to the competitive adsorption of binary CO2/N2 and ternary CO2/N2/H2O mixtures using molecular simulation
2. Define key performance indicators to evaluate the capture technology, integrated to a CO2 emission source and perform a techno-economic analysis of CO2 capture process
3. Process simulation and optimization of adsorption processes to identify operating conditions with optimal performance indicators. We have a vacuum pressure swing adsorption (VPSA) process and a moving bed (MBTSA) process. The input for the process simulations will come from WP3 and task 1 of WP4. The process model used in this work package will later be refined based on results from WP5 and WP6.
WP5: Validation of the selected separation technology in relevant environment, led by SINTEF
The aim of this work package is to scale up material production up to 3 kg and test the shaped MOF in a simulated environment, bringing the technologies to TRL5-6. This will lead to new recommendations for the demonstration in an industrial environment.
Testing at TRL5 will be done using two different processes that will be adapted to the conditions specified in WP1; a 2 or 3 beds VPSA process (at UMONS) and a continuous MBTSA process (at SINTEF). The main purpose with the testing will be to validate the process models developed in T4.3 and to give input to the design of upscaled versions of the processes. VPSA will then be further developed in WP6.
WP6: Scale-up and demonstration in an industrial environment, led by TUPRAS
WP6 is dedicated to the demonstration in an industrial environment. Three demonstration sites are partners in the project to validate the solutions that will be developed.
The partners will prove the cost-efficiency and reliability of MOF-based carbon capture in CO2 intensive sectors: power supply, refineries and waste incineration This step will allow the technologies to reach TRL6-7.
WP7: Techno-economic and environmental analysis, led by CRES
WP7 will begin with the analysis of the regulatory framework in all participating countries and in EU level in order to make sure that the implementation of the demonstration will not be hampered during the project.
A Techno-economic Analysis (TEA) will be done in interaction with WP4. The environmental impacts of the technologies/methods under investigation will be examined through an ISO standardised Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and will determine the environmental effects of alternative approaches.
WP8: Transferability, replicability and social issues, led by CRES
WP8 focuses on the whole chain of CO2 capture, including transport and storage. A social survey involving local communities will be done in order to identify the possible restraints before developing a replicability and transferability plan.
An Industrial Cluster Board will be constituted in order to foster the replicability and the transferability of the project’s solutions. The board will be invited to meetings and dissemination events and will share their views and needs for carbon capture.
WP9: Communication, dissemination and exploitation, led by EQY
WP9 gathers all the communication and dissemination activities of the MOF4AIR project, as well as the exploitation. Dissemination and exploitation activities are efficient only if a good communication strategy is implemented. For this purpose, MOF4AIR strategy includes the development of a public website, as well as the implementation of promotion campaigns.
Dissemination activities will include classical items (e.g. inter-project activities, scientific publications, workshops, participation to national and international events). A key point of this WP is also the creation of a roadmap for the years to come concerning research on carbon capture.
WP10: Management of the project, led by UMONS
The WP10 is dedicated to the project’s coordination, including the grant management, the communication with the EC, the risk management as well as IPR protection. To that end management and communications tools will be developed in order to facilitate collaborative work, establishing cost statements and evaluating progress.
IPR confidentiality procedures will be defined.
A DMP (Data Management Plan) will detail the data management policy (data generation, exploitation, curation and preservation).
WP11: Ethics requirements, led by UMONS
WP11 is concerning all ethics requirements including human, data, collaboration with non-EU countries, and security.